The COVID-19 crisis has changed the way many of us work. With the switch to working from home, in particular, a fundamental workplace behaviour has gone by the wayside.
At the office it is easy to get, and give. But working from home makes it hard. Every interaction requires dialling a number, typing out a message or scheduling a video meeting. That little bit of extra effort means many of us may not bother, given other demands. Indeed a survey of 1,001 US employees in April found lack of communication was a common reason 45% said they felt burnt out.
So feedback is especially essential now.
But how to achieve it?
Traditional management thinking would assume the key source of feedback employees need is from supervisors, and put resources into that.
But this might be the time to change that. Our research shows the same organisational benefits can be achieved through a broader culture of feedback between colleagues, making managerial feedback non-essential.
Managers not that important
Our study investigated the degree to which two different sources of feedback – manager feedback and colleague feedback – influenced worker’s willingness to take on more office tasks.
To do so, we surveyed 300 employees and their 64 managers three times over three months in late 2018.
In the first month, employees rated the level of performance and developmental feedback they got from their managers and colleagues, using a “Likert scale” of one to five, one being strong disagreement and five strong agreement. For example, they were asked: “My co-workers provide me with valuable information about how to improve my job performance.”
In the second month, employees rated their work engagement and whether their feedback expectations were being met. These expectations are part of what researchers call the “psychological contract” between an individual and an organisation – personal beliefs about the reciprocal obligations between the worker and the workplace.
In the third month, we asked the employees’ direct managers to report on any extra tasks those employees had taken on over the past quarter. We asked them to assess if the employee was innovative, such as “creating new ideas” and “transforming the ideas into innovative applications”. We also asked how they helped others, such as “giving their time to help others who have work-related problems”.
Our hypothesis was that receiving high levels of manager feedback would be associated with high scores on these measures.
The results of our analyses did show feedback from managers was important. It increased employee engagement by about 13%.
Unexpectedly, however, our results also showed managerial feedback wasn’t any more important than feedback from colleagues.
That is, employees who rated feedback from managers low but feedback from colleagues high scored just as well on the engagement scores from their managers.
So the source of feedback did not matter, so long as it was there.
They show the potential of decentralised work cultures to pick up the slack when conditions, such as working from home, mean workers aren’t having their psychological contract fulfilled by managers.
Promoting an organisation-wide culture of constructive and supportive feedback is even more important to overcome the hurdles in remote working to getting enough informal feedback.
It will take leadership from the top, and bottom.
But you can do it. And we think someone should, informally, tell you that.
Authors: Nathan Eva, Senior Lecturer, Monash University; Alex Newman, Associate Dean (International), Faculty of Business and Law, Deakin University; Hannah Meacham, , Monash University, and Tse Leng Tham, Lecturer in Human Resource Management and Management, RMIT University